Define Selection Interview. State the various type of Selection Interviews.
The selection process is ’employment interview.’ Interview is the widely used selection method. It is a face-to-face interaction between interviewer and the interviewee. If handled properly, it can be a powerful technique in having accurate information of the interview otherwise not available.
Four types of interview for selection have been identified. They are:
This process would be initiated to screen the applicants to decide whether further detailed interview will be required. The candidate is given freedom by giving job details during the interview to decide whether the job will suit him. This method saves time and money for the company.
In this type of interview, the pattern of the interview is decided in advance. What kind of information is to be sought or given, how the interview is to be conducted and how much time is to be allotted, all these are worked in advance. In case the interviewer drifts he or she is swiftly guided back to structural questions. Such interviews are also called as standardized interviews.
Under this method, the interview tries to portray the interview in depth and detail. Accordingly the life history of the applicant along with his or her work experience, academic qualifications, health, attitude, interest and hobbies are all analyzed.
Such interviews are conducted for the jobs which are to be performed under stressful conditions. The objective of stress interview is to make deliberate attempts to create stressful or strained conditions for the interview to observe how the applicant behaves under stressful conditions.
The common methods used to induce stress include frequency interruptions, keeping silent for an extended period of time, asking too many questions at a time making derogatory remarks about the candidate, accusing him that he is lying and so on. The purpose is to observe how the candidate behaves under the successful conditions whether he looses his temper gets confused or frightened.