Discuss any three Features of Development Administration.
There are certain features of development administration that distinguish it from traditional administration.
Some important features are as follows:
Development administration introduced certain new governing structures and replaced certain old ones. This was all carried on in confirmation with changing political, and social environment. Development administration is one that is dynamic and progressive in thought and action. It aspired to identify and apply new structures, methods, procedures, techniques, policies, planning projects and programs so that the objectives and goals of development are achieved with minimum possible resources and time.
In this direction we, in India have implemented various development programs aiming at the comprehensive development of its people, some of them include IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Program), TRYSEM (Training Rural Youth for Self Employment), NREP (National Rural Employment Program) DWACRA (Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas), tribal development programs and like that.
For the same objective several planning and implementation agencies have been established on District, Block and State levels. The development administration has to be innovative enough in order to realize the pdetermined objectives of development.
It means that development administration allows the participation of people who are going to be affected by it. It makes it more responsive and accountable. Here, people do not merely act as passive recipients of benefits or goods and services but they take an active part in formulating and implementing the developmental plans, policies and programs.
In this direction centralized administrative system is considered to be inappropriate and requires the delegation of authority and responsibility to the local levels. It involves giving people an increasing share in the governance and management of developmental affairs of the government. This gives an active and responsive role to Panchayati Raj institutions in planning and administration.
Environment of administration is another important element of development administration. It shapes this environment, which includes the political, social and economic elements. Also in response it gets affected by them. It is the environment which sets forth the operative parameters of development administration.
It requires the qualities of being flexible and responsive towards administrative actions and methods. The changes in administration affect its envirnment and changes in environment also has its bearing on administration.