Discuss the Aims of Education According to J.Krishnamurti and Gijubhai Badheka.
Aims of Education According to J.Krishnamurti.
His Philosophy of Life: Jidddu Krishnamurti is one of the greatest religious teacher who advocated a spirit of doubt and inquiry and disregarded blind faith and acceptance. He opined that all human beings are first of all human beings and not Hindus, Muslims or Christians and we should have a deep sense of reverence for nature and all its creations. He insisted that self-knowledge is different from academic knowledge. Self: knowledge is concerned with the social problems that disturb us and incoherence that is within individuals.
Aims of Education according to J.Krishnamurti:
He was a critique of imposing thinking, but advocated development of independent thinking. Education is creation of integrated human beings who are mature, fearless, self-aware, good and loving. Education consists in understanding the Child as he is, and not imposing on him an ideal of what we think he should be, because sensitivity can never be awakened through compulsion.
Education must also develop right kind of relationship between individual and society. Education must free mind intelligently from , the desire for reward which breeds fear and conformity. Rather, it should give freedom, encourage understanding of inherited tendencies and environmental influences, which condition the mind and heart and bring out an integrated individual.
Aims of Education According to Gijubhai Badheka.
His Philosophy of Education: He was a great thinker from Gujarat. He emphasized on child-centered education. His novel ideas about education are given in his book “Divasapna” which is an imaginary story of a teacher who rejected the orthodox system of education. He actually was a teacher who later became head master of a school but he did not like education system. So, he resigned and started a pschool on experimental basis. -He wanted school to be a place children love to be in. he advocated an atmosphere of independence and self-reliance.
Aims of Education according to Gijubhai Badheka :
He took school as Mandir and accordingly named his institutions as Bal Mandir, Kishore Mandir, Vinery Mandir to clarify that no physical or mental torture should take place in a school. He suggested learners must be given freedom to have their own ideas. He must be given an opportunity to learn by doing as per their age and interest.
Education must cultivate rationality, harmony, balanced, natural and useful life. Education is the process of complete unfolding of a child’s personality. It should also develop sense, training, motor efficiency and self-learning. In nutshell, he emphasized complete unfolding of child’s personality in a complete free atmosphere.