Discuss the Aims of Education.
AIMS OF EDUCATION:
Before learning the aims or goals of the education, you must be know the meaning of aim. Aim is an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions. An aim gives direction to an activity it allows one to know what to expect from the start. Given an activity having a time span and cumulative growth within the time succession, an aim means foresight in advance of the end or possible termination.
The aim of education is to build the capacity for continued personal growth. Everything outside of this aim should simply be considered an incidental result because When extrinsic aims are placed upon education, the process becomes rigid and thereby limits the growth of the person, limit intelligence because, given ready made, they must be imposed by some authority external to intelligence, leaving to the latter nothing but a mechanical choice of means.
In short, aims to raise test scores or produce future competitive laborers limit the intellectual necessity and growth of the student. The purpose of education is to achieve extrinsic results, one goes to school to achieve some end that lies outside the activity of education.
Education must be more than training grounds for future laborers or preparation to win a competitive academic race among nations, education in this manner is imposed by some authority external to intelligence, leaving to the latter nothing but a mechanical choice of means.
Individual Aims of Education:
Individual aims and social aims are the most important aims of education. They are opposed to each other. Individual aims gives importance for the development of the individuality. Social aim gives importance to the development of society through individual not fulfilling his desire. But it will be seen that development of individuality assumes meaning only in a social environment.