Discuss the background against which the Indian councils act of 1892 was passed? What were the main provision of the act of 1892?
Period from 1861 on wards witnessed tremendous growth of national consciousness in India. The Congress in its very first session demanded expansion of Central and Provincial Legislative Councils by addition of Indian members and also enlargement of their functions.
The demand aimed at having a rule of Government that worked in the interest of Indian people, whereas the Government aimed at furthering British imperial interests for which they needed broader basis of the support. This could be done by satisfying the aspirations of the educated Indians by introducing changes in the constitutional structure. With this tactics the Government passed new Indian Councils Act in 1892.
The Indian Councils Act of 1892 was basically an amending Act The main provisions of this Act were as follows:
The Council was enlarged:
The number of additional members of the Council was increased to minimum 10 and maximum 16 and half of these members were supposed to be non-official i.e. persons not in the Civil or Military Service of the Government.
Elective Principle was introduced:
One member each was returned from Punjab and Burma when the Legislative Councils were created there. One member was appointed on the recommendation of the Calcutta Chamber of Commerce. Practically these bodies elected their representatives who were accepted by the Government. This was the Elective Principle and the members were elected representatives.
Councils were given the right to discuss budget:
The members could now discuss annual budget presented by the Government besides discussing legislative proposals. Moreover members could also allowed to question internal issues.