Discuss the Models of Social Policy.
Models of Social Policy.
Model A: Residual Welfare Model of Social Policy:
This is related with liberal situation. With concomitant social changes that have accompanied industrialization and urbanization, there emerged a reluctant gratitude that under rather special situation, malfunctions of market or of the family, may demand some provisional/ complement to social requirements. This approach perceives the relatives and the market as the only instruments for meeting person requirements. There is importance on “means-testing” and “less eligibility”.
Model B: Industrial Achievement: Performance Model of Social Policy:
This incorporates a important function for social welfare institutions. It holds that social requirements should be met on the basis of merit, job presentation and output. It is resultant from different financial and mental theories concerned with incentives, hard work and remuneration and the configuration of class and group loyalties.
Model C: Institutional distributive Model of Social Policy:
This model sees communal safety as a major incorporated organization in culture, providing Universalist services external the market on the standard of want. It is mainly a representation incorporating systems of redeployment in power-over-resources through time. Thus in the current concept of social policy and prejudice and impartiality find important place. India follows this model while envisaging social policies.