Examine the Impact of Urbanization on Rural Society of India.
Urbanization is firmly connected to modernization, industrialization and the sociological procedure of justification. Urbanization can portray a particular condition at a set time, i.e. the extent of aggregate populace or zone in urban areas or towns, or the term can portray the expansion of this extent after some time. So the term urbanization can speak to the level of urban advancement with respect to general populace, or it can speak to the rate at which the urban extent is expanding.
Urbanization may be driven by local and global economic and social changes, and is generally a product of modernization and industrialization. Urbanization has economic and environmental effects. Economically, urbanization drives up prices, especially real estate, which can force original residents to move to less-desirable neighborhoods.
Environmentally, cities cause ‘heat islands’, where less vegetation and open soil raise city temperatures by 2 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Recently in developed countries, sociologists have observed sub-. urbanization and counter-urbanization or movement away from cities, which may be driven by transportation infrastructure or social factors like racism.
Urbanization generally occurs with modernization and industrialization and is often motivated by economic factors. These factors pull People to cities at the same time that they push people from rural homes. Another term for urbanization is rural flight. In modern times, this flight often occurs in a region following the industrialization of agriculture. when fewer people are needed to bring the same amount of agricultural output to market and related agricultural services and industries are consolidated.
These factors negatively affect the economy of small and middle sized farms and strongly reduce the size of the rural labor market. Rural flight is exacerbated when the population decline leads to the loss of rural services , which leads to greater loss of population as people leave’ to seek those features.
As more and more people leave villages and farms to live in cities, urban growth results. The rapid growth of cities like Chicago in the late nineteenth century and Mumbai a century later can be attributed largely to rural-urban migration. This kind of growth is especially commonplace in developing bounties.