Explain physical hazards during early childhood period?
There are many hazards during early childhood. It is said to be very critical period when parents have to be very cautious all the time. Following physical hazards may be seen in early childhood:
There is increased risk of infections in childhood as the children are more sensitive to chemicals, pollutants etc. Due to the infection, they may get much medicines and sometimes can get greater resistance to medicines. Also, their immune system gets very weak due to frequent infections. If the illness is persistent for long time, they may not be able to learn new skills generally being acquired by other children of same age and this may result in inferiority complex.
Small children are more prone to accidents because They have less sense of depth and space. There can be falls which can result in fracture or dislocation. There can be injuries due to sharp objects like knife and blades: There can be blood loss due to these injuries. Boys are more prone to
accidents than girls because they are more involved in outdoor games.
Children who are obese face more trouble due to their weight. They are not able to pursue physical activities like skating, running, swimming, etc. while other children who have normal weight are better able to perform comparatively better. Therefore, obesity can result in inferiority complex because obese children are not able to participate in all the activities equally and become victim of bullying. Hence, obesity is a physical as well as psychological hazard.