Explain some merits and demerits of Freud’s psychodynamic theory.
List of merits and demerits of Freud’s psychodynamic theory:
- It explains human behaviour and personality and seems to be a complete theory of personality.
- The role of early childhood experiences and the unconscious is emphasized.
- The dynamic nature of human behaviour also gets emphasized.
- The defence mechanisms of ego is also emphasized.
- It provides scope for a serious interest in psychological treatment of mental problems.
- It provides scope for further theoretical and research work in personality.
- Freud’s theory lacks empirical evidence and relies too much on therapeutic achievements.
- Freud’s clinical data are also inaccurate, flawed and selective at best.
- Freud’s psychoanalysis techniques like ideas on the interpretation of dreams and the role of free association are also criticized.
- Psychoanalysis cannot be called a science and many of the principles upon which it is based are wrong.
- Some of Freudian concepts are poorly designed. For example, psychic energy is not explained what is it and how it can be measured.
- The theory also does not have scientific proof.
- The role of sexual drive is over emphasized.
- The theory suggests that there is no free will.