Explain the principles of critical thinking.
The principles of critical thinking are follows:
A scientific mind must necessarily have a critical mind. Critical thinking is the ability of a person to inquire about causes and events and develop skepticism about explanations and conclusions. One of the principles of skeptical thinking, is that one must be skeptical and keep an open mind. Nothing must be accepted without evidence.
The assumptions er premises of arguments must be examined. For example, a statement says that we cannot learn about human beings by studying animals. That means we are not animals, but surely we are social animals.
We cannot draw any hasty conclusions from evidence. We have to look at all the possible causes of an event.
Whenever we find some evidence in a research, we have to consider various alternative interpretations than just blindly accepting what has been interpreted by the researcher.
We should not try to oversimplify a complex interaction, and neither over generalize. Sometimes there is more to a problem than a straight-forward ‘yes’ or ‘no’.
Critical thinking must be applied to all areas of life. A skeptical attitude and demand for evidence are useful in all areas of life, whether it is advertisements or politics or any thrilling news item. Search for evidence rather than believe blindly.