What do you understand by recruitment? Explain the process of recruitment.
Recruitment is a process to discover the source of manpower to meet the requirements of staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate numbers to facilitate effective selection of an efficient working force.” According to Bergmann and Taylor, “Recruitment is the process of locating, identifying, and attracting capable applicants.” Thus it refers to the process of sourcing, screening, and selecting people for a job or vacancy within an organization. There are two main recruiting stages in recruitment process.
Sourcing: Sourcing involves:
Advertising, a common part of the recruiting process, often encompassing multiple media, such as the Internet, general newspapers, job ad newspapers, professional publications, window advertisements, job centers, and campus graduate recruitment programs and
Recruiting research, which is the proactive identification of relevant talent who may not respond to job postings and other recruitment advertising methods done. This initial research for so called passive prospects, also called name generation. results in a list of prospects who can then be contacted to solicitinterest, obtain a resume CV, and be screened.
Screening and Selection.
Suitability for a job is typically assessed by looking for skills, e.g. communication, typing, and computer skills. Qualifications may be shown through resumes, job applications, interviews, educational or professional experience, the testimony of references, or in-house testing, such as for software knowledge, typing skills, numeracy, and literacy, through psychological tests or employment testing. In some countries, employers are legally mandated to provide equal opportunity in hiring.
A well-planned introduction helps new employees become fully operational quickly and is often integrated with the recruitment process.