What is Data Communication? Explain data communication process with the help of a diagram.
Data communication refers to the exchange of data between a source and a receiver. Data communication is said to be local if communicating devices are in the same building or a similarly restricted geographical area. He meanings of source and receiver are very simple. The device that transmits the data is known
A data communication system may collect data from remote locations through data transmission circuits, and then outputs processed results to remote locations. Figure provides a broader view of data communication networks. The different data communication techniques which are presently in widespread use evolved gradually either to improve the data communication techniques already existing or to replace the same with better.options and features.
Then, there are data communication jargons to contend with such as baud rate, modems, routers, LAN, WAN, TCP/IP, ISDN, during the selection of communication systems. Hence, it becomes necessary to review and understand these terms and gradual development of data communication methods.Components of data communication system
A communication system has following components:
Message: It is the information or data to be communicated: It can consist of text, numbers, pictures, sound or video or any combination of these.
Sender: It is the-device/computer that generates and sends that message.
Receiver: It is the device or computer that receives the message. The location of receiver computer is generally different from the sender computer. The distance between sender and receiver depends upon the types of network used in between.As the source and the device that receives the transmitted data g known as a receiver.
Data communication aims at the transfer of data and maintenance of the data during the process, but not the actual generation of the information at the source and receiver. Data mean the facts, information statistics or the like deriving by calculation or experimentation. The facts and information so gathered are processed in accordance with defined systems of procedure. Data can exist in a Variety.of forms such as numbers, text, bits and bytes. The Figure is an illustration of a simple data communication system.
Medium: It is the channel or physical path through which the message is carried from sender to the receiver. The medium can be wired like twisted .pair wire, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable or wireless like laser, radio waves, and microwaves.
Protocol: It is a set of rules that govern the communication between the devices. Both sender and receiver follow same protocols to communicate with each other.