What is ex-Post Facto Research? What do you mean by Archival Research Method?

Ex-post facto:

Ex-post facto research is systematic empirical inquiry in which the scientist does not have direct control of independent variables because their manifestations have already occurred or because they are inherently not manipulated. Inferences about relations among variables are made, without direct intervention, from co commitment variation of independent and dependent variables.

This kind of research is based on a scientific and analytical examination of dependent and independent variables. Independent variables are studied in retrospect for seeking possible and plausible relations and the likely effects that the changes in independent variables produce on a single or a set of dependent variables.

Archival research method:

Archival research method is a type of primary research which involves seeking out and extracting evidence from original archival records. These records may be held either in institutional archive repositories, or in the custody of the organization (whether a government body, business, family, or other agency) that originally generated or accumulated them, or in that of a successor body. Archival research can be contrasted with

  1. Secondary research (undertaken in a library or online), which involves identifying and consulting secondary sources relating to the topic of inquiry, and
  2. With other types of primary research and empirical investigation such as fieldwork and experiment.
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