What is Gandhian Approach to Development?
Gandhiji was a charming leader of the Indian national movement. He viewed Indian economy, polity and society in his own way. His approach towards politics, economics and society was the product of his spiritual world attitude. His astonishing stress on moral aspects of economic deeds set him apart him from others in the consideration of economic issues. He believed that economic and ethical considerations were un-dividable.
Gandhiji tried to describe an economic model to struggle for rather than just an economic plan to execute. It has been suspected that to an extent his economic thinking was neither unreasonable nor impossible. It has certainly meant to apply to an actual society, that of rural India in particular.
Gandhiji’s thoughts for the life were as one essential whole. He was not on the side of dividing individual’s life into airtight cells i.e. social, economic, political etc., therefore, Gandhi was of the belief that the goal of an individual and the goal of a society should not conflict with each other. Gandhi believed in the “Good of All”. Thus the aim of an individual and the aim of the group of individuals couldn’t be diverse. They all should struggle for only single goal and cooperate to addition and balance each other to reach final truth of life.
Human being was the epicenter of Gandhian viewpoint. All other belongings revolved around him. Therefore, he/she must be the focus of any policy implementation. Gandhian economic model has given stress on an ideal economic organized where people could well be goaded in good sense. Gandhi always emphasized on the fact that human being should take genuine pains to limit his/her wants or desires. The increase of needs will make a person subject to an eternal succession of needs. All this will not lead an individual to any steady state expenditure path.
In this context Gandhi wrote, “Map’s happiness really lies in contentment. Who he is disenchanted, however much he possesses, becomes a slave to his desires. And there is really no slavery equal to that of his desires And what is true for individual is true for society. But Gandhi didn’t favored opinion that poor should be substantiated with poverty but rather telling the rich that wild self-pity could not make one happy.
Gandhi gave the impression of being at rural development as consisting in huge assesses of changing individual likings. Individuals may be provoked towards unrestricted wants by their own desires as well as by the prevailing social culture. On concluding, Gandhian development was based on man/individual and prearranged right charge shipment to sustain human development from further worsening.