Difference between Informal Oral Presentation and Formal Oral Presentation.

Formal Oral presentation means the presentation made by the researcher to a formal audience. This is not so simple. A researcher is expected to make exhaustive preparations and he has to be a good communicator so as to handle all questions, some of which may be very difficult, asked by the audience.

In the formal oral presentation, the researcher makes his presentation to a formal audience covering all aspects of the study but emphasizing the findings and recommendations.

The audience may seek clarifications and the researcher is expected to provide the clarifications to the satisfaction of the questioners. The researcher may distribute the summary of findings and recommendations before commencing the presentation. For a successful presentation, it is advisable to ascertain, beforehand, the following:

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  • What is the profile of the audience? What is each one’s rank in the organization? How many of them are specialists and in what subject areas?
  • What are the available facilities for visual aids/physical demonstration devices?
  • Which of the aids should be selected for use?
  • Which part of the presentation should be emphasized most and which can be passed over fast?
  • What sort of questions are likely to be asked by the audience?

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Difference between Informal Oral Presentation and Formal Oral Presentation:

Informal oral presentation means the presentation which is made by the researcher to the audience informal atmosphere i.e.,, atmosphere free from any tension. Formal oral presentation means the presentation which is made by the researcher to a formal audience. On the basis of this, following points of distinction emerge:

Informal oral presentation is a simple “sit down and discuss” situation while formal oral presentation is not so simple.

Informal oral presentation does not require much of preparation on the part of the researcher. The emphasis of informal oral presentation is on face to face informal discussion between researcher and audience.

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Generally without the help of visual and physical demonstration devices. Formal oral presentation is made in formal atmosphere and researcher uses visual and physical devices to satisfy the audience.

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