What is Right Against Exploitation and Right to Freedom of Religion According to Indian Constitution?
RIGHTS AGAINST EXPLOITATION
According to this right no person has a right to exploit any other person in any manner. Thus, traffic in human beings and begar have been made illegal offences and those found practicing are to be punished. Similarly slavery and traffic among women and children for immoral purpose has been declared an offence.
It has been provided that no child below the age of 14 will be employed in mines or factories where risk to life is involved. There is, an exception to this rule that “Nothing in this article shall prevent the state from imposing compulsory service for public purposes, and in imposing such services the state shall not make any discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.”
Thus, compulsory service can be imposed in the collective interests of the community. By an Act of Parliament, bonded labor has been abolished.
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION
Articles 25 to 28 of the Indian constitution provide that there will be full freedom of conscience for all citizens of India. All shall have right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion of their choice and that the state shall not interfere in religious affairs of any individual in any manner. All religions shall have a right to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes.
Similarly all will be free to manage their own affairs in matters of religion and charitable purposes. The state shall not compel the individuals to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion. It shall have no religion of its own and also shall not allow imparting of religious instruction in government institutions.
But all these rights are subject to the condition that public order, morality and health will not be disturbed. Thus, this right is not absolute and has been also hedged with many conditions. Public morality and health have been given priority in. this right. This right has been used to convert Hindus to other religions.