Public Interest Litigation (PIL) means captivating a lawful act in the court for the interest of the public or for gene al interest where a group of people or a class or community have common concentration for which they can take an action and go to the court for seeking legal rights.

Therefore, PIL is a scheduled hearing where people or group of people look for assistance in the awareness of public. Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a planned movement which intends to bring justice to the reach of poor. It is a method to provide justice to individual who are not in a position to go to the courts due to socio-economic difficulties. It was initiated for the deprived people for their constitutional and legal rights.

Millions of poor are going to the courts for getting justice and for the betterment of their life conditions. The courts are also making efforts to become the courts of the poor, courts for the poor and the struggling masses in this country.

Origin Of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) .

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was originated in US in mid 60s. In 19th century, different and diverse engagements have contributed to public interest law. In 1876, New York, the first legal aid office was established. In 1960s PIL movement started up receiving pecuniary sustenance which has created positive lawyers for the public spirited persons to take up the cases of the under-privileged.

In England Public Interest Litigation (PIL) made a mark in the 70s. This movement started up in India almost at the end of 70-80s. Justice V.R. Krishna lyer and Justice P.N. Bhagwati, had delivered milestone judgments.

The Judges of the Supreme Court realized the importance and trademark of initiating Public Interest Litigation (PIL)  is needed for the fortification of law which was only made and judged for the rich and powerful. The civil and political rights of the poor people remained on the paper only.

The poor and illiterate don’t have lawful admission to justice impartially for the high costs, and pain-staking long dealings. Therefore, they thought and realized that court is not only a place for the rich but it is also a place for poor. They wanted to make the judicial system an effective instrument of social justice.

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