What type of Direct and Indirect employment is generated by tourism?
Tourism plays a great role in the generation of employment opportunities among the people particularly of tourist importance. Thus the tourism industry has tremendous capacity to create both direct and indirect employment. Starting from various tour operators, hotels, tourist offices, tourist guides and transport operators it provides direct employment to various categories of people.
The people supplying vegetables, meat, fish, poultry, cereals, other eateries etc. to hotels, electricians etc and all those who provide ancillary services to hotel customers, like taxi drivers etc. get indirect employment from the tourism
Another aspect of employment is the shops and emporium selling handicrafts, hand-looms and thus they provide marketing outlets to thousands of craftsmen, artisans, weavers etc and thus they get employment. The ratio between investment and job creation is much higher in tourism-related activities than in the case of manufacturing.
According to a study over a million people are employed,in hotels approved by Government besides other small hotels and guest houses. Thus the employment has grown in the tourism sector in last 3-4 years.
Many of the jobs are being created by tourism in the areas where there are very few employment opportunities. For example in hill areas many families depend on tourism for their livelihood. Local hotels, transport, shops, all provide direct job opportunities to the local people.
People engaged in tourism industry and their families require their own goods, services, education, health etc. which further indirectly create employment in shops, schools, hospitals etc. Thus tourism provides a vast spectrum of employment from highly trained managers, chefs in five star hotels to room bearers, transport workers, artisans etc. with fast growth in tourism. New horizons are opening up for unemployment and educated young men and women.