What was the programme of the non-cooperation movement? Discuss the response of the peasanrty to the non-cooperation movement.
The Non-Cooperation Movement was undoubtedly a landmark in the history of India’s struggle for independence. The programme of this movement involved boycott of Government and educational institutions, Law Courts, legislatures, the emphasis on the use of Charkha (spinning wheel), Khadi (handspun cloth), campaign of ‘Jail Bharo’ (fill the jails) by the Congress volunteers.
- In the second phase of the movement they targeted to Collect Rs. one crore for the Tilak Swaraj Fund.
- In the third phase, no revenue campaign was launched and also civil disobedience.
Movement for freedom of speech, press and association. This movement got massive support from various parts of India and remarkably common people en a large scale participated in this movement. The most remarkable feature of the movement was the participation of the common people on a massive scale. Although the movement had different reasons for different people who participated. In rural areas and few other places the peasants turned against the landlords and the traders.
Bihar: In this state the local grievance of the right to graze cattle on common Government wasteland and clashes between the castes (lower and upper) all these issues got mixed up with the Non-Cooperation Movement. The peasants of Champaran, Saran, Muzaffarpur and Purnia districts started their participation by looting and clashes with the police etc.
U.P: It was a focal point of Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement. Here this movement got mixed up with the Kisan Movement. I nspite insistent appeal of non-violence the peasants in U.P revolted not only against Talukdar, but also British merchants.
Punjab: In Punjab the Akali movement for the upliftment of ‘Gurudwara’ got merged with the movement. And all the communities of Punjab rose against the British and participated in the movement.