Write a note on Recruitment and Training Process of All India Service.
RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING OF ALL INDIA SERVICES.
In order to attract the best talent a detailed procedure of examination followed by interview is followed. Union Public Service Commission, which conducts the examination all over India, derives its powers from the Constitution of India which has taken care to ensure its effective and impartial functioning free from any pressure and influence. The system and its pattern has been reviewed and revised many a time after Independence.
In the 1970’s a Committee headed by Prof. D. S. Kothari reviewed the system and gave many valuable recommendations which were implemented. Later in the late1980’s Satish Chandra Committee looked into the matter. Its recommendations too were implemented. Every effort is done to make the examination and the recruitment system as perfect as possible so that most promising youth gets attracted to the challenging career and the services can move in tandem with the changing times.
Generally the Civil Services examination consists of two rounds of written examination and interview. On the basis of performance in the preliminary round of written examination candidates get entry into the main examination. The numbers of candidates who are permitted to appear in the main examination are twelve to thirteen times of the number of vacancies in the year. After main examination the last stage of recruitment process takes place.
The rank-order list of candidates is prepared on the basis of total marks secured in the main examination and interview. The rank-order list is forwarded by the UPSC to the government for recruitment. On the basis of rank and preferences of the candidates allotment to different services is made.
The recruits to the All India Services are given a five months foundation course before any special training for their respective services. The members of higher seances, who are entrusted with formulation and execution of the policies, should have some basic understanding of socio-economic environment and the Constitution.
As the civil service in the Indian context is meant to serve the people, it is necessary for the officers of the country to have a dedication for public service. The objective of the foundation course is to inculcate some sense of professional ethics and responsibilities of civil service to new entrants.
The training of IAS probationers is different. After completing five months foundational course the probationers of all other services leave for their respective training institutions, the IAS probationers stay at the Academy for further course of training. From 1969, a new pattern of training for the IAS has been instituted.
The new entrants to IAS undergo two rounds of training. Between two rounds the probationer goes to the States (according to their cadre) for practical training. After practical training he comes back to the Academy for second round of training. At the completion of second round, UPSC conducts an examination of the IAS probationers. Only after the examination he is given the charge of a sub-division in a district.