The Composition and Working of the Constituent Assembly of Indian Constitution.
Composition of Indian Constitution:
The Constitution that we have today is not the result of some disjointed, episodic exercises by some individuals.
It has been, in fact, drafted and created by a body of learned people from different Walks of life, specially constituted and convened for the explicit purpose of formulating free India’s Constitution. This body was the Constituent Assembly.
The constituent Assembly was headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad who later on became India’s first President Jawaharlal Nehru who become the first Prime Minister of free India was possibly the most prominent figure of the Assembly:
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Among the other famous names, the Assembly comprised luminaries like Dr.B.R. Ambedkar, Sardar Vallabh Bhai. Patel, Pattabhi Sita Ramyya and J.B. Kriplani. A goad number of the members had strong legal backgrounds, which most definitely facilitated the task of Constitution making.
The total strength of the Assembly was 381. The membership of the Assembly was drawn from different political parties, most important of which were the Congress and the Muslim League.
In addition independent members, representatives from the Governor’s Provinces and the Princely states were also present. The core of the Constituent Assembly was the Drafting Committee which was chaired by Dr.B.R. Ambedkar.
It should, therefore, not surprise you that Ambedkar is often described as the Father of India’s depressed classes.
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He had an eminent professional background and legal expertise and was, thus well-equipped to pilot the Constitution framing process and to deal with the various complexities inevitable in the Herculean task Ambedkar’s influence can be particularly, seen in the special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Tribes (SCs and STs) that the Constitution came to incorporate.
The various provisions of the Constitution were debated at length in the several committees that Were formed for the proposal. After extensive debates and, discussions, these provisions were presented to the Assembly for due consideration.
Based On the deliberations in the Assembly, the Drafting Committee prepared the draft text of the Constitution. The final document, after amendments, was signed on November 26, 1949 and came into force two months later.
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The Constituent Assembly was a body of accomplished people which labored assiduously to give to free India a Constitution that Indians would be proud of Still the Assembly has been subjected to some criticisms.
The main criticism against the Assembly spearheaded essentially. by, the Muslim League was that it was a Congress/Hindu dominated body. Because of this belief and conviction, the League never participated enthusiastically in the deliberation of the Constituent Assembly and eventually stayed away.
The Congress was led by Jawaharlal Nehru who was a democrat to the core He made allowance for every opinion and never tried to bulldoze his Or the Congress Party’s position on various issues.
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Moreover the chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee, Dr. Ambedkar was also a democrat very inch of the way and permitted all members to have their say.
The fact that the Constitution which was eventually framed took due cognizance of the aspiration of religious minorities belies the allegation the Muslim League: The Assembly followed the principles of consensus and accommodation on matters coming up before it.
The Constituent Assembly completed the task of Constitution making within a period of three years, whereas several other countries took several years to have their first Constitution.”Also, it goes to the credit of the Assembly that the Constitution of free India was never abrogated and a new one introduced.