Write a short note on Karl Marx’s views on Bureaucracy.
Karl Marx’s views on Bureaucracy: Karl Marx is one of the greatest thinker of the modern social sciences, who is responsible for the development of Marxian philosophy. His ideas on bureaucracy have special relevance to the ruling elite. Marxist like Lenin and Stalin are also explained here.
Karl Marx Ideas:
Marx expressed his views on bureaucracy in his several writings like, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, the German Ideology, Civil War in France, etc. He explained bureaucracy and its role in the capitalist system. He considered bureaucracy is a part of state mechanism. He attacked the characteristics of bureaucracy such as superior knowledge, merit principles, rule mindedness, impartiality, etc.
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He says that the bureaucracy is the imaginary state of the real state. It is the spiritualism of the state. The bureaucracy has the spiritual being of the society, in its possession it is its private property. It functions like a private property of the state authority.
According to Marx, “the general spirit of bureaucracy is secrecy, mystery, preserved inwardly by means of hierarchy and externally as a close corporation. Again Marx says the hierarchy of the bureaucracy is hierarchy of knowledge. According to Marx, the bureaucracy is the state formation of the civil society. It is state’s consciousness, the state’s will, the state’s power as corporation.
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The mind of bureaucracy is the formal mind of the state. Therefore, it makes the formal mind of the state. The bureaucracy asserts itself to be the final end of the state. The above observations of Marx views on bureaucracy that the bureaucracy protects the interest of the state and the class interest of the state.
Bureaucracy is considered as a negative instrument in the process of social transformation. For Marx abolition of state will be achieved institutionally by the destruction of bureaucratic apparatus.