Write a short note on Pulakeshin II.
Pulakeshin II (610-642 CE) is the most famous ruler of the Chalukya dynasty. In his reign the Chalukyas of Badami saw their kingdom extend over most of the Deccan. Pulakeshin had to face several obstacles soon after his coronation. The civil war had given fresh hope to feudatories and adventurers; some of them were emboldened to throw off their allegiance to Chalukyas. The Aihole inscription of 634 found in an Aihole Jainlaya says, “the whole world was enveloped in the darkness that was enemies”.
Pulakesi had to face the challenge of Appayika and Govinda, perhaps loyal adherents of the defeated Mangalesa. It is even possible that at least one of them, if not both, was Mangalesa’s son. Pulakesi confronted their army on the banks of the river Bhima. Appayika ran away from the battlefield, while Govinda surrendered. After consolidating his position, Pulakesi II organized and enlarged his fighting forces. He then embarked upon a series of conquests to expand his dominions. The accounts of Pulkeshi campaigns are provided in the Aihole inscription dated 634. It was composed by his court poet Ravikirti. The inscription is one of the finest pieces of poetry. Written in Sanskrit language and Hale Kannada script, it is the most important source of information regarding the rule of Pulakesi