Write a short notes on Ajanta Paintings and Lutyen’s Delhi.
The Ajanta Paintings developed under the Shungas, the Kushanas, the Guptas, the Vakatakas and the Chalukyan Kingdoms. The Ajanta Painting depicts a high stage in the development on painting. The Ajanta Painting can be divided into three categories. In the first category the painting of animals, plants and trees, demons, Gandharvas, Apsaras etc. are there. In the second category Lokpal, Buddha, Bodhisattva, Apsara etc. are included. In the third category the paintings related to Jatak stories are included. The Ajanta paintings depicts peacy piety compassion humility, joy etc. These feelings are depicted very beautifully in the Ajanta Paintings.
The lines are firmly balanced and the color are used in a natural way. The material and spiritual aspects of the life are depicted beautifully. The normal and peaceful life of villages and the active and crowded life of the towns are depicted simultaneously. The women has been given a very high place in the Ajanta Paintings.
The Britishers occupied Delhi in 1803 after removing the Mughals from the seat of the power. Though in name the rule of the Mughal emperor continued and the Mughal Emperor was removed only after the 1857 revolt. After occupying it the Britishers also made Delhi the seat of imperial power. The capital was transferred from Calcutta to Delhi in 1912. When Delhi was made the capital of the country, many a buildings were needed. The Britishers wanted to have buildings which would serve an their officers, residences, places of recreations, etc. All this was done by Lutyen. He was assisted by Baker in his endeavors.
Lutyen was an expert in architecture. The Rashtrapati Bhawan., The North Block, The South Block, the Sansad Bhawan etc. were built. These buildings are not as ostentatious as the Mughal buildings but they were glorious in their own way. The purpose of the building was always kept in mind while designing and constructing it. These buildings are even today being used by the government of India in the same capacity as the Britishers were using it.