Write short notes on Confidentiality and Synchronization.

Confidentiality:

Confidentiality is a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information. Lawyers are often required by law to keep confidential anything pertaining to the representation of a client. The duty of confidentiality is much broader than the attorney client evidentiary privilege, which only covers communications between the attorney and the client.

Both the privilege and the duty serve the purpose of encouraging clients to speak frankly about their cases. This way, lawyers will be able to carry out their duty to provide clients with zealous representation. Otherwise, the opposing side may be able to surprise the lawyer in court with something which he did not know about his client, which may weaken the client’s position.

Also, a distrustful client might hide a relevant fact which he thinks is incriminating, but which a skilled lawyer could turn to the client’s advantage (for example, by raising affirmative defenses like self-defense)

Synchronization:

Synchronization is the coordination of events to operate a system in unison. During social interaction, both participants are continuously active, each modifying their own actions in response to the continuously changing actions of the partner.

This continuous mutual adaptation results in interactional synchrony to which both members contribute. Freely exchanging the role of imitator and model is a well-framed example of interactional synchrony resulting from a mutual behavioral negotiation. How the participants’ brain activity underlies this process is currently a question that hyper scanning recordings allow us to explore. In particular, it remains largely unknown to what,extent oscillatory synchronization could emerge between two brains during social interaction.

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